In the settlement of Castelluccio, Sicily, several researchers and archaeologists reconstructed an oval-shaped container from 400 fragments that were found. It was adorned with ribbons and had three vertical handles. In it, olive oil was stored. The investigations carried out on it date it to around 2000 BC, which gives evidence for the presence of olive oil in Italy in the early Bronze Age.
Furthermore, there is more ancient evidence of the presence of olive oil in certain cultures, which is located in Israel and Greece. One of them, the oldest in the Middle East, can be found in the excavation site of Lower Galilee located in the northern district of Israel, in Ein Zippori. The pottery found here contained traces of olive oil, showing that this food was part of their daily diet.
Another use that is attributed to olive oil is its capacity to be a fuel. It was used as a fuel by burning olive wood and oil, which produced a little smoke. This provided an advantage in the caves with respect to the use of other alternatives, such as animal fats .
All these findings demonstrate the evidence of the use of olive oil, which over generations and civilizations was the result of domestication and natural hybridization that has led to the formation of new varieties that are adapted to the environment where they endow human beings with a supreme good, olive oil.